The GS includes the majority of white collar personnel professional, technical, administrative, and clerical positions. The GG pay rates are identical to published GS pay rates. The remaining 29 percent were paid under other systems such as the Federal Wage System WG, for federal blue-collar civilian employeesthe Senior Executive Service and the Executive Schedule for high-ranking federal employees, and other unique pay schedules used by some agencies such as the United States Securities and Exchange Commission and the Foreign Service.
Starting in [update]some federal employees were also paid under Pay Bands. The pay scale was originally created with the purpose of keeping federal salaries in line with equivalent private sector jobs. Although never the intent, the GS pay scale does a good job of ensuring equal pay for equal work by reducing pay gaps between men, women, and minorities, in accordance with another, separate law, the Equal Pay Act of Prior to JanuaryGS personnel were generally paid the same amount for a given grade and step regardless of where they worked.
This system ignored the growing reality of regional differences in salaries and wages across the United States, and this led to a perception that in many locations federal civil service salaries were increasingly uncompetitive with those in the private sector, thus affecting recruiting and retention efforts by federal agencies.
Both Republican and Democratic administrations have complained about the methodology used to compute locality adjustments and the projected cost of closing the pay gap as determined by FEPCA between federal salaries and those in the private sector.
In Decemberthe President's Pay Agent reported that an average locality pay adjustment of By comparison, in calendar yearthe average locality pay adjustment actually authorized was Changes to the GS must normally be authorized by either the president via Executive Order or by Congress via legislation.
General Schedule (GS) Pay Scales
Normally, the President directs annual across-the-board pay adjustments at the beginning of a calendar year after Congress has passed the annual appropriations legislation for the federal government. Under FEPCA, the Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts annual surveys of wages and salaries paid to non-federal workers in designated locality pay areas. Surveys are used to determine the disparity, if any, between federal and non-federal pay in a given locality pay area.
The Federal Salary Council created by FEPCA prepares recommendations concerning the composition of the designated locality pay areas and the annual comparability adjustment for each area, as well as an adjustment for all other workers outside these areas, referred to as "Rest of U.
The council's recommendations are transmitted to the President's Pay Agent also created by FEPCAwhich then establishes, modifies, or disestablishes individual locality pay areas and makes the final recommendation on pay adjustments to the president, who may either accept the agent's recommendations or in effect reject them through the submission of an alternative pay plan.
A common misconception is that the annual federal pay adjustments are determined according to cost of living fluctuations and other regional considerations. In fact, the across-the-board adjustments to the GS but not locality pay are determined according to the rise in the cost of employment as measured by the Department of Labor 's Employment Cost Indexwhich does not necessarily correlate to the better-known Consumer Price Indexwhich tracks consumer prices.
Most positions in the competitive service are paid according to the GS. In addition, many positions in the excepted service use the GS as a basis for setting pay rates. The GG pay rates are generally identical to published GS pay rates. The GS-1 through GS-7 range generally marks entry-level positions, while mid-level positions are in the GS-8 to GS range and top-level positions senior managers, high-level technical specialists, or physicians are in the GS to GS range.Choose your locality from the dropdown list above to view the locality-adjusted pay table applicable in your area.
An employee's base pay depends on two factors - the GS Paygrade of their job, and the Paygrade Step they have achieved depending on seniority or performance. The GS base pay table is displayed below. To determine actual pay, base pay is modified by a "Locality Pay Adjustment" percentage, which is specified by whichever of the 34 General Schedule pay localities in which the employee is located.
General Schedule base pay tables are revised yearly, effective each January, to reflect inflation and increasing costs of living. To view the GS Pay Scale table for past years, use the year list above the map at the top of this page. While official pay tables for the upcoming year are published by the OPM in December, FederalPay will publish estimated pay tables as soon as the federal pay raise percentages for the upcoming year are approved by Congress each fall.
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Download PDF. General Schedule Pay Calculator. View GS Locality List. View GS Raise History. Civilian to Military Rank. Mailing List: Join the our free mailing list to receive an update when rates are available.GS-9 is the 9th paygrade in the General Schedule GS payscalethe payscale used to determine the salaries of most civilian government employees.
The GS-9 pay grade is generally held by white-collar employees in mid-level positions.
GS-9 is the starting grade for most employees directly out of school who have a Master's Degree or several years of experience in their field. The table on this page shows the base pay rates for a GS-9 employee. To calculate pay with locality adjustments taken into account, use our General Schedule pay calculator. Generally, employees will start as a GS-9 Step 1 and advance one step at a time as they gain more experience on the position.Pay Grades and Ranges
If you get a promotion to a higher paygrade, you get to keep your current step, and will continue accumulating weeks of experience until you advance to the next step at your new paygrade.
The table below lists the annual GS base pay at every step for a GS The salary table and hourly rates listed above are the base pay for a GS-9 employee, which will be determined by your paygrade and step. However, the actual pay you will earn will be higher, based on the cost-of-living adjustment for the locality in which you work.
Inthe actual salary adjustments for a GS-9 employee will range from a maximum cost-of-living raise of Within the GS scale, promotions between grades like a promotion from GS-8 to GS-9 come from advancing up the "career ladder" associated with a position, or by moving to a job with a higher starting pay grade then your current GS grade. The basic requirements for advancing to the GS-9 paygrade are: At least 1 year experience at GS-7 or equivalent. Under the GS system, all jobs are broken down into Job Serieseach of which is identified with a numerical code.
Each series has a starting paygrade, which is the paygrade new hires begin at, and a maximum paygrade, the highest paygrade an employee in that job series can hold. Here are some examples of job types that can be held by a GS-9 employee.
A GS-9 employee in civilian government is rougly equivalent to an O-2 in the military, in terms of compensation. In the U.
General Schedule Overview
ArmyO-2 is ranked First Lieutenant. Join the our free mailing list to receive an update when rates are available. Toggle navigation Federal Pay. Federal Pay.In many situations, when military personnel interact with civilian government employees, it's important to understand how the military rank hierarchy compares to the seniority structure among their civilian counterparts.
Military Rank to Civilian equivalency tables are created by each branch of the military. These tables help civilian and military personnel determine proper conduct for social and diplomatic purposes when interacting with each other. The comparison table below shows how Army ranks compare to civilian General Schedule paygrades in terms of respect and seniority. We have also provided comparitive pay ranges for civilian and military paygrades based on Military Basic Pay and the civilian General Schedule pay table.
Generally, civilian employees are paid more compared to someone they are equal to socially - but military personnel also get additional benefits, which are explained in the footnotes.
Please note that these rank-to-gs mappings can vary. Age, position, and experience level are a huge factor, and are often more significant than grade alone. If you have any feedback concerning this table, please contact us with your suggestions. See military paygrade and the associated Army rank on the left, and equivalent General Schedule paygrade on the right.
Toggle navigation Federal Pay. Federal Pay. View Military Pay. Sergeant Major of the Army. SES Level 5. SES Level 4. SES Level 3.Military Rank to Civilian equivalency tables are created by each branch of the military. These tables help civilian and military personnel determine proper conduct for social and diplomatic purposes when interacting with each other.
Post Office 2019 Pay Scales
In the federal government and particularly in the Department of Defense interactions between military and civilian employees is common. When these interactions occur, clear social relationships are important — particularly for military personnel who are accustomed to a ridged hierarchical structure. The equivalent ranks listed below show which positions are equal in terms of respect and seniority. Generally, civilian employees are paid more compared to someone they are equal to socially.
These mappings are estimates and are rough estimates. Age and experience level are a huge factor and is often more significant than grade alone. If you see a problem with this information please contact us with your suggestions. Is this article incomplete or outdated? Help improve this article by contacting us with your suggestions.
Toggle navigation Federal Pay. Federal Pay. FederalPay Employees Dataset. How Much Are Astronauts Paid?The federal employee pay increase contains an across-the-board 2.
This normally occurs in the last few days of December each year. To stay update and get free email alerts on when the pay raise is formalized, fill out the form below:.
President Trump signed an executive order March 28 implementing the federal pay raise after employees waited for more than a month for the retroactive increase. The federal pay raise included 1. The pay increase overturned a pay freeze that had already been enacted. The raise is retroactive to the first pay period inwhich for many civilian employees was January 6.
The pay freeze does not affect military personnel. Members of the military services will receive a 2. According to a final rule published in the Federal Register Dec. The changes in locality pay area definitions are applicable on the first day of the first pay period beginning on or after January 1, The pay schedules are effective the first day of the first applicable pay period beginning on or after January 1, January 6,based on the standard biweekly payroll cycle.
The jobs are widely in clerical, administrative, professional and technical positions. The General Schedule includes 15 different pay grades. Each job is classified by the federal agency based on the qualifications required as well as the level of responsibility and difficulty to preform in the position. Educational backgrounds for the grades are generally as follows:.
Each of the 15 pay grades has 10 step rates steps A new GS employee is usually hired at step one of the applicable GS grade. However, in special circumstances, agencies may authorize a higher step rate for a newly-appointed federal employee based on a special need of the agency or superior qualifications of the prospective employee.
Current Federal employees who move to a GS position and are not considered newly appointed may have pay set above step 1 based only on a previous Federal civilian rate of pay i. GS employees may advance to higher grades by promotion at certain intervals generally after at least a yearas determined by OPM regulations and qualification standards and agency policies, up to the full promotion potential advertised in the job announcement. After that, competition under merit system principles is necessary to advance to a higher GS grade.
Generally, a GS promotion increase is equal to at least two steps at the GS grade immediately before promotion to the higher GS grade.The General Schedule GS classification and pay system covers the majority of civilian white-collar Federal employees about 1.
GS classification standardsqualifications, pay structure, and related human resources policies e. Each agency classifies its GS positions and appoints and pays its GS employees filling those positions following statutory and OPM guidelines. Agencies establish classify the grade of each job based on the level of difficulty, responsibility, and qualifications required. Within-grade step increases are based on an acceptable level of performance and longevity waiting periods of 1 year at steps2 years at stepsand 3 years at steps It normally takes 18 years to advance from step 1 to step 10 within a single GS grade if an employee remains in that single grade.
However, employees with outstanding or equivalent performance ratings may be considered for additional, quality step increases maximum of one per year. A new GS employee is usually hired at step one of the applicable GS grade.
However, in special circumstances, agencies may authorize a higher step rate for a newly-appointed Federal employee based on a special need of the agency or superior qualifications of the prospective employee. Current Federal employees who move to a GS position and are not considered newly appointed may have pay set above step 1 based only on a previous Federal civilian rate of pay i. GS employees may advance to higher grades by promotion at certain intervals generally after at least a yearas determined by OPM regulations and qualification standards and agency policies, up to the full promotion potential advertised in the job announcement.
After that, competition under merit system principles is necessary to advance to a higher GS grade. Generally, a GS promotion increase is equal to at least two steps at the GS grade immediately before promotion to the higher GS grade. The GS base pay schedule is usually adjusted annually each January with an across-the-board pay increase based on nationwide changes in the cost of wages and salaries of private industry workers. Most GS employees are also entitled to locality pay, which is a geographic-based percentage rate that reflects pay levels for non-Federal workers in certain geographic areas as determined by surveys conducted by the U.
Bureau of Labor Statistics. Forty-four of the locality pay areas cover large metropolitan areas e. RUS locality pay area. GS employees in foreign areas are not eligible for locality pay.
The President and Congress may make changes in the otherwise applicable across-the-board and locality pay adjustments. Because of serious difficulties in staffing certain occupations at GS grade levels in certain geographic areas, OPM may approve special rates which are higher than the normal GS rates. The President establishes the Council to include three seats for experts in labor relations and pay policy and six for employee organizations representing large numbers of General Schedule employees.
The Council submits annual recommendations on the locality pay program to the President's Pay Agent. The Council's recommendations cover the establishment or modification of pay localities, the coverage of salary surveys used to set locality pay, the process for making pay comparisons, and the level of comparability payments that should be made.
Council recommendations to the Pay Agent and minutes from Council meetings can be found below. Under section of title 5, the Pay Agent provides for Federal Salary Council meetings, considers the recommendations of the Federal Salary Councildefines locality pay areasand submits an annual report to the President on the locality pay program.
The report compares rates of pay under the General Schedule to non-Federal pay, identifies areas in which a pay disparity exists and specifies the size of the disparity, makes recommendations for locality rates, and includes the views of the Federal Salary Council.
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